Jumu’ah Prayer Established in Prisons

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful…

The Standing Committee for Legal Verdicts and Research in Saudi Arabia was asked about a prisoner’s stance on Jumu’ah Prayer when incarcerated. They replied:

إذا أقيمت الجمعة داخل السجن أو في غيره، واستطاع أداءها فتجب عليه، وإذا لم يستطع أداء الجمعة فيصليها ظهرا.

وأما الحرية التي يذكرها الفقهاء شرطًا في وجوب الجمعة فمرادهم الحرية من الرق؛ لأن المملوك لا تجب عليه.

If Jumu’ah Prayer is established inside the prison or elsewhere, and he is capable of performing it, then it is binding (waajib) upon him. If he is unable to pray Jumu’ah Prayer, then he offers (in its place) Thuhr Prayer. As for the condition of freedom which the scholars of Fiqh mention in order for Jumu’ah to be an obligation, the intended meaning was: freedom from slavery, as a slave would not be required (to attend Jumu’ah).

Signed by:
Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Qu’ood
Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Ghudayyaan
Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee
Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez ibn Baaz

Source: Verdicts of the Standing Committee (8/184-185), as found here.

Translation: Moosaa Richardson


16 thoughts on “Jumu’ah Prayer Established in Prisons

  1. Assalamu alaykum
    Does the same apply to those in schools etc and are young who cannot leave for Jummuah? I.e. they establish the jumuah themselves in a room. Also how many people are required for this?

  2. Assalamualykum akhee ,

    I am currently doing my studies in United Kingdom where I have classes during the Jummah prayer . Most of the students & the Faculty pray their Jummah salah in congregation in the university prayer room( and not in mosque)

    My question is : Is it allowed to pray with them the Jummah salah in the prayer room (or) is it necessary to pray the Jummah salah in the masjid alone.
    Jazakumullahu khayran

  3. My brother is In prison and they have a sufi ( braveli) imam and in another jail he had and asharee imaam (who used to do alot of biddah with the jummah service).. also the room where they pray is a multi faith room and they have crosses and so called depictions of eesa and maryam and saints etc on the clings and walls some of which can not be cover.

    what is the ruling for each of these individual circumstances do are they still obligated to pray and these jummah congregations and what is you advice?

    Barakallahu feekum

  4. BaarakAllahu Feek Ustadh Moosa for this beneficial article! There is a brother who is currently incarcerated and the facility that he is in makes the Muslims hold two jum’ah prayers. They claim to do this due to security reasons. Where he is stationed, he falls under those who attend the “second” jum’ah prayer. He is asking for advice in this matter. If he attends the “second” jum’ah prayer is he falling into innovation, or if he stops attending jum’ah to avoid going to the “second” salaat, is he sinful?

  5. As salamu alaikum
    I have a very important question which needs to be answered for it is relating to one of the greatest obligations: the congregational prayer. I am in high school and there is a musalla that is relatively close by. I can walk there 10 in ten minutes. The dhuhr time is prayed at 1:30. is it obligatory for me to attned?

  6. My second question is during the winter time the musalla prays dhuhr prayer and Friday prayer at 1:30. As you know the time for prayer is short during the winter time. Asr is estimated to enter at around 2: 30 or around that time. The dhuhr time enters at around 12:00p.m. in the winter. So should I not pray dhuhr with the congregation in the winter time because I am afraid they are praying it passed the correct time because I am afraid that the shadow of an object becomes the same length as the object.

  7. As Salaamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatuallah Wa Barakatuhu,

    Upon the completion of the calling of Adhan I always notice sisters getting up and offering 2 rakahs. Could you provide me with Daleel on doing such Inshaa’Allah?

    Jazakallahu Khair

    • Wa ‘alayk as-salaamu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh. The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said: (( بين كل أذانين صلاة )), which means, “Between every two athaans (i.e. between every athaan and iqaamah) is prayer.” He repeated this three times, and then added (( لمن شاء )), “For whoever wishes.” It was collected by both Imaams, al-Bukhaaree and Muslim, from the narration of ‘Abdullaah ibn Mughaffal (may Allaah be pleased with him).

  8. Assalamualyum Wa Rahmathulilah .

    Akhee , Is there any sunnah ( in rakats) to be prayed before the Jummah Salah ?

    Could you also provide daleel for your statement(whether Yes or No) ?

    JazakAllahu khayran

  9. السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

    there is a forward I had received regarding surah kahf and four trials of faith, wealth, power and knowledge described within the ayaat.( based on the stories of the people of the cave, the man with the 2 gardens, dhul qarnayn and musa and al khidr respectively) The text message goes on to say that these are similar to the trials dajjal will come with and this is the ‘secret’ as to why we recite the surah for protection from the dajjal. It then goes on to say that the surah provides us the solutions to these trials as well. This text message has no references. Is such an interpretation allowed/ correct?
    جزاك اللهُ خيرًا [Message truncated by admin]

    • وعليك السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

      We read Soorah al-Kahf on Fridays for Allaah to provide us with light, and the first and/or last ten verses (not the whole Soorah) has been named by the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) as something which provides protection from the trials of al-Maseeh ad-Dajjaal by the Permission of Allaah. Tafseer of the Quran comes from its established sources, not anonymous text messages. If your religion were learned through random anonymous messages, you would be the most confused of people, and may Allaah give us better. And Allaah knows best.

      • جزاك اللهُ خيرًا
        This forward had been bothering me for a while. I have shown your answer to those who have forwarded the message and الحمد لله they have accepted.

  10. Salaam Aleikum, is the Chapel in a prison considered a Masjid? if they have Jumu’ah there, is it permissible? if so, is it acceptable for one to make two rak’ahs for the Masjid upon entering and two rak’ahs Sunnah before the actual salat is performed?

    • Wa ‘alayk as-salaamu wa rahmatullaah. Multi-purpose rooms like what you are asking about cannot be masjids. Thus, two rak’ahs are not required before sitting in them. And Allaah knows best.

  11. Assalaamu ‘Alaikum Ustaadh Moosaa,

    Can you please inform me on the ruling of establishing the Jumu’ah prayer before the time of Dhuhr starts? Is this permissible to establish or attend one?

  12. Assalaamu’alaykum..

    Ustaadh, is a person deliberately missed the khuTbah on the day of jumu’ah, is he sinful?

    Is attending the whole of it waajib or attending just a part of it suffices?

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