In the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the All-Merciful…
QUESTION: Is charity given on behalf of the deceased something that benefits the deceased?
ANSWER: Yes, the deceased will benefit from the charity given by the living on his behalf, according to the consensus of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah.
This is based on the hadeeth collected by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim from the narration of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), who said that a man came to the Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) and said, “O Messenger of Allaah! My mother’s soul was taken (suddenly), and she had not bequested anything (as charity to be given from her wealth). I believe that she would have done so if she had spoken (before her death). Would she get any reward if I gave charity on her behalf?”
He replied, “Yes.”
Also, due to the hadeeth collected by al-Bukhaaree from the narration of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father), that Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaadah’s (may Allaah be pleased with him) mother died in his absence. He later went to the Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) and said, “O Messenger of Allaah! My mother has died while I was absent, so would she benefit if I gave charity on her behalf?”
He replied, “Yes.”
He (Sa’d) said, “Then I take you as a witness that I give away my garden, al-Mikhraaf (the name of the garden), as charity on her behalf.”
These are among the authentic evidences about the deceased benefitting from giving charity on their behalf.
And through Allaah (alone) is success. May Allaah raise the rank of our Prophet Muhammad and that of his family and companions, and grant them all peace.
- [Shaykh] ‘Abdullaah ibn Qu’ood, Member
- [Shaykh] ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee, Vice-Chairman
- [Shaykh] ‘Abdul-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abdillaah ibn Baaz, Chairman
(May Allaah have Mercy on them.)
Source: The Permanent Committee’s Collection of Fatwaas (9/27-28)
Translated by: Moosaa Richardson