Easy Phrases of Thikr (Remembrance) for After the Prayer

Here are some easy phrases of thikr (remembrance) for after the prayer, especially for children who are learning to pray:

1 – Saying: Subhaan Allaah (10x), al-Hamdulillaah (10x), Allaahu akbar (10x) after the prayer.

سُبْحَانَ اللهِ – الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ – اللهُ أَكْبَرُ

This is something very easy that few people do that would wipe away 2,500 sins a day (combined with one other act)!

On the authority of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father), the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said (what means):

“There are two traits that no Muslim servant guards over except that he will enter Paradise (by way of them) – Nay, they are so easy, yet those who do them are few – :

(a) Glorifying Allaah (saying “Subhaan Allaah“) after each prayer ten times, praising Him (saying “al-Hamdulillaah“) ten times, and declaring His Greatness (saying “Allaahu akbar“) ten times – that is 150 on the tongue and 1,500 in the Scale –

(b) Declaring Allaah’s Greatness (saying “Allaahu akbar“) 34 times when laying down, praising Him (saying “al-Hamdulillaah“) 33 times, and glorifying Him (saying “subhaan Allaah“) 33 times – that is 100 on the tongue and 1,000 in the Scale –

And which one of you does 2,500 bad deeds in one day?!”

This hadeeth was collected by Imaam Ahmad, the four compilers of the Sunan, and others.  Shaykh Al-Albaanee called it “saheeh” in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (#3230).

2 – Saying “Astaghfirullaah” (3x), and then “Allaahumma antas-Salaamu wa minkas-Salaamu tabaarakta thal-Jalaali wal-Ikraam

 أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ

 اللهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلاَمُ وَمِنْكَ السَّلاَمُ تَبَارَكْتَ ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَالإِكْرَامِ

On the authority of Thowbaan (may Allaah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) used to seek Allaah’s Forgiveness (saying “Astaghfirullaah“) three times when finishing his prayer, and then he would say (what means):

“Allaahumma antas-Salaamu wa minkas-Salaamu tabaarakta thal-Jalaali wal-Ikraam” (“O Allaah you are as-Salaam – the One who grants peace – and from You alone is peace, blessed be You, O Possessor of Majesty and Grace!”)

It was collected by Imaam Muslim in his Saheeh (#591).

3 – “Allaahumma a’in-nee ‘alaa thikrika wa shukrika wa husni ‘ebaadatika”

 اللهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ

Mu’aath ibn Jabal (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: One day, the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) took my hand and said (what means):

“O Mu’aath! Verily I love you!”

Mu’aath replied, “(I would ransom) my father for you, and my mother, O Messenger of Allaah! And I love you!”

The Messenger of Allaah then said (what means):

“I advise you – O Mu’aath – not to leave off saying after each prayer: Allaahumma a’in-nee ‘alaa thikrika wa shukrika wa husni ‘ebaadatika (“O Allaah! Help me to remember you, thank you, and worship you in a good way!”)”

It was collected by Imaams Ahmad, Aboo Daawood, al-Haakim and others. It was authenticated by al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak, and also by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood (#1362).

This hadeeth is just beautiful!  From the most important benefits of it is that true love for the sake of Allaah (may Allaah bless us with it) causes those who love each other to advise each other with things that please Allaah.

FOR ADDITIONAL BENEFIT:

More than one person has asked me about the thikr said 10 times after the prayer: What about 33 times? Is that wrong?

The answer: Not at all. There are many different ways to make thikr after prayer. Saying them 33 times each is an authentically established Sunnah, collected by both al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.

So they are both Sunnah. However, the objective of this article is to highlight some of the easiest phrases for children when they first learn to pray. I suggested this one instead of the 33 times, because its easier and some children at age seven may have difficulty in counting to 33.

And Allaah knows best.

I was also asked about what some people claim is established in Saheeh Muslim, that eleven times each is also established.

The answer: This is based on a misreading of a narration in Saheeh Muslim (#595).  Imam Muslim was identifying a misunderstanding added to the hadeeth by one of the narrators, Suhayl ibn Abee Saalih.  He mistakenly understood that the hadeeth of saying these phrases 33 times meant in total, and so we should say each of the three eleven times each.  The scholars (beginning with Imaam Muslim) have identified this as a personal mistake of Suhayl, and something not to be taken as part of the hadeeth itself.

Al-Haafith Ibn Hajr concludes: “It is more apparent that the meaning is each of them get that (33 times) seperately.” (Fat-hul-Baaree, 2/328)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Alee ibn Aadam al-Ityoobee said, “This (11x) was the misunderstanding of Suhayl when explaining the meaning of 33 times, he assumed that the 33 times should be divided over the three phrases.  What is correct is that each of the three phrases are to be said 33 times each, Subhaan Allaah (33), al-Hamdulillaah (33), and Allaahu akbar (33), 99 all togther, not 33 all together.” (al-Bahr al-Muheet ath-Thajjaaj, 13/239)

And Allaah knows best.

Written by: Moosaa Richardson

ST Archives 12-19-2008

38 thoughts on “Easy Phrases of Thikr (Remembrance) for After the Prayer

    • قال الإمام أبو داود في سننه في كتاب السنة باب في التسبيح عند النوم (برقم 5065): حدثنا حفص بن عمر حدثنا شعبة عن عطاء بن السائب عن أبيه عن عبد الله بن عمرو عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال خصلتان أو خلتان لا يحافظ عليهما عبد مسلم إلا دخل الجنة هما يسير ومن يعمل بهما قليل يسبح في دبر كل صلاة عشرا ويحمد عشرا ويكبر عشرا فذلك خمسون ومائة باللسان وألف وخمس مائة في الميزان ويكبر أربعا وثلاثين إذا أخذ مضجعه ويحمد ثلاثا وثلاثين ويسبح ثلاثا وثلاثين فذلك مائة باللسان وألف في الميزان فلقد رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يعقدها بيده قالوا يا رسول الله كيف هما يسير ومن يعمل بهما قليل قال يأتي أحدكم يعني الشيطان في منامه فينومه قبل أن يقوله ويأتيه في صلاته فيذكره حاجة قبل أن يقولها

  1. Bismillaah- Baarakallaahu Feekum, just to make sure I have clarity…is it at all reported that one can do both (saying of SubHaanalllaah, AlHamdulillaah, Wa Allaahu Akbar) after the Salaah? Ya’ni is it permissible for someone to say this 33x then say it 10x after each Salaah, not wanting to miss the reward of either one?

    • Excellent question, Ummu Yusuf. The scholars mention that the varieties that exist within one act of worship should be done those different ways, but not combined together in one act of worship. Rather, one of the varieties this time, and another at another time. Like opening supplications of the prayer, you should choose one from the Sunnah for each prayer, but not combine them all at the beginning of one prayer. Refer to Tas-heeh ad-Du’aa’ (p.43) of Shaykh Bakr ibn ‘Abdillaah Aboo Zayd (may Allaah have Mercy on him). And Allaah knows best.

        • Shaykh Muhammad ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee (may Allaah preserve him) was asked this question two nights ago at a wedding, and he replied: “If you are the imaam (in congregational prayer) then no, be brief, and make it easy on the people. If you are alone offering optional prayers then ijtahid (make as much supplication as you can).” He referred to a hadeeth about exerting oneself in supplications in sujood specifically. It was not recorded, but this is my narration from him directly.

      • Assalaamu alaik,
        jazaakallaahu khayran
        Is it incorrect to think/assume that if you say subhaanAllaah, alhamdulillaah and allaahu akbar 33 times then this would count you saying it at least ten times and so you would in shaa’ Allaah get the reward for saying it ten times each after prayer?

  2. samma aleikum.

    Are they Andy sahih hadith that mentions reading surah 112-113-114 after every obligatory prayer?, and after fajr/maghrib 3 times each

  3. Salam alaikum wa rahmatullah wa barakatu…Am I reading this correctly? Saying each phrase 10 times each has more reward than 33 times?

    • wa ‘alaykas-salaamu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh. That was not stated. However, the 10x each variation has a very special reward, based on the hadeeth mentioned.

    • May Allaah bless you both, brother Nick & admin.

      However, I think akh Nick was referring to the first and second parts of the first hadeeth where the reward for saying the 3 adhkaar 10x each was mentioned to be 1500 as compared to the 1000 rewards for saying them 33x each (and 34x for “Allaahu Akbar”). It seems he might have missed that the 1500 rewards was for saying it after EACH of the 5 prayers which would sum up to be 50x for each adhkaar. i.e.: (10+10+10) * 5 = 150; but (33+33+34) = 100.

  4. السلام عليكم
    What is the proof for saying: Rreciting surah 114,113,112 after each congregational prayer 1 time and 3 time after maghrib and subh (fajr) is not from sunnah? (question slightly edited by admin for clarity)

    • وعليك السلام ورحمة الله
      In acts of worship, we don’t ask: What’s the proof that its not from the Sunnah? Rather, we ask: What is the proof it IS from the Sunnah? Since we are not permitted to perform an act of worship until it is established from the Sunnah of the Messenger (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace). Reciting the three “qul”s after the prayer is established in the books of Sunan (Aboo Daawood, Tirmithee, Nasaa’ee), but I don’t know any grounds for the specification of three times after Maghrib and Fajr. Whoever claims the Sunnah DOES specify this is requested to provide proof, not the other way around. And Allaah knows best.

      • Bismillaah wal-hamdulullillaah was-salaatu was-salaamu ‘aala Rasoolillaah…..

        Ya ikhwa – as for the reciting of the quls three times each after fajr and maghrib, this is mentioed in the book Hisnul Muslim – “Section 25 – What to say after completing the prayer – #70”; it is noted within parentheses just after Suratul Nas as footnote #2, attributing its collection to Abu Dawud 2/86, An-Nasa’i 3/68 and also Al-Albani, Sahih At-Tirmithi 2/8. Wa Allaahu Alam!

        Baraak Allaahu feekum!

        • Abu Nasif, thank you for your visit and your comment. However, the book Hisnul-Muslim is not a source book of hadeeth. I have already mentioned that the specification of three times after Maghrib and Fajr is NOT established in the source books referenced there (Aboo Daawood, Tirmithee, and Nasaa’ee). Please review my previous comment more carefully, and may Allaah bless you.

          • As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa baraakatuhu,

            Jazaak Allaahu khair for the clarity. I understand Hisnul Muslim is not one of the source books of Ahaadeeth. I took your comment “I do not know…” as just that and was only sharing what hadeeth collections were noted in Hisnul Muslim as points of reference. So is it to be understood the ahadeeth noted in Hisnul Muslim are not correctly documented (in this and potentially other instances throughout this book)? Baraak Allaahu feek!

          • wa ‘alaykas-salaamu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh. There are many mistakes in Hisnul-Muslim. Whoever has a problem with me saying this, please review the source books referenced by the author for yourself.

          • Again, baraak Allaahu feek ya akhi! What’s now disturbing for me is this book, Hisnul Muslim, is widely distributed and relied upon by so many within communities striving to be firmly upon the haqq; that which is clear from Qur’aan and Sunnah. Subhaanna Allaah!

          • While we love precision and accuracy, all things considered Its not especially dangerous. It has some unsupported specifications (like this issue), some other supplications from the personal choices of the Companions and the taabi’een, which should not be taken as Sunnah, and a few unauthentic narrations. However, in the field of thikr and du’aa’ books, it does not stand out as especially bad. It does not contain any support for praying to other than Allah, or through intermediaries, or anything related to graves or the likes. I hope this puts you at ease, and Allaah knows best.

  5. Assalaamu alaikum

    Regarding saying subhanallaah 33 times, alhamdulillaah 33 times and allaahu akbar 34 times when laying down does that refer to if you went to sleep at any time (not just at night). For example, you stay awake the whole night, and you sleep after fajr, would you say this thikr before going to sleep in that case or does it apply only if you go to sleep at night ?

    Likewise other athkaar that is to be said before going to sleep, do we say them before we go to sleep eg for a midday nap or at any other times before going to sleep (I.e. Not just before going to sleep in the regular evening time people go to sleep)

  6. I was listening to a talk about thikr, and how we shouldn’t specify certain numbers to repeat phrases of thikr, except if there is evidence for this (like the tasbeeh/tahmeed/takbeer after salaah). As evidence to prove that we shouldn’t make up formulae of specific numbers, he used the ayah: و ذكّر فإن الذكرى تنفع المؤمنين. He proceeded to explain “و ذكّر” as meaning “Make thikr of Allah” and then he said Allah didn’t specify any number, He just said: “وذكّر”. Although I understand the point of not making up out own numbers and formulas of thikr, I would like to ask if using this ayah as daleel in this way is correct.

  7. Assalaamu alaikum.
    JazaakaAllaahu khairan for such benefits (esp ur insight into the mistake of the narrator who thought it was 11 times each) . May Allaah increase u my brother and the rest of admin in ur knowledge and in benefitting us ameen.

  8. Assalamualykum akhee ,

    Can you please post the weak hadeeth in the fortress of Muslim dua book?
    I read it earlier in your website , but don’t know where.
    Jazakumullahukhyran

  9. Assalamualykum Wa Rahmathulillah ,

    Akhee, I heard the Hisnul Muslim book in collection of hadeeths have few weak hadeeth and I remember a brother saying he read it on your website.

    Could you please post the link (or) inform me the weak hadeeths ?

    JazakAllahu Khayran

  10. Assalāmu’Alaykum,

    Allaahumma a’in-nee ‘alaa thikrika wa shukrika wa husni ‘ebaadatika

    Ustaad this du’ā mentioned by u to be read after the salāh,I’ve heard that ,Shaykh Sālih Al-Uthymīn said that the Prophet Sallallāhu’AlayhiWasallam Taught Mu’ādh to read it after the last Tashahhud before Tasleem.The Shaykh Said that this is a du’ā,and Du’ā after the prayer is not legislated.

    Please Clarify.
    بارك الله فيكم

    • Wa ‘alayk as-salaamu wa rahmatullaah. As for what Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said, that there is no du’aa’ after the prayer, then he was referring to making supplications specifically, asking for things (one type of du’aa’). This is what led him to conclude that the du’aa’ you have mentioned is to be said before the tasleem, inside the prayer. Other scholars have held that position, too. Yet, the principle behind this conclusion, that supplications are made before the tasleem inside the prayer, while praises and other thikr is made after the tasleem, outside of the prayer, remains without decisive proof (as an absolute princple), and it leaves unanswered questions, like: What about saying “Astaghfirullaah” (I ask Allaah to forgive me), this is very clearly a request, yet it is clearly said after the prayer. And it is from those confirmed by the shaykh himself to be said after the tasleem of the prayer (here for example). Other issues can be raised as well.

      To understand this issue, it is important to remember that du’aa’ is of two types:

      Du’aa’ al-Ebaadah: Praising Allaah (without requesting anything)
      Du’aa’ al-Mas’alah: Supplicating for something, asking, requesting

      So most certainly, the Sunnah is to make du’aa’ after the prayer, with the well known forms of praise and exaltation of Allaah that are well-known, as the shaykh himself explained: http://binothaimeen.net/content/9418

      And Allaah knows best.

      • JazaakAllah khayran. The differing is based on the meaning of دبر كل الصلاة whether that means after or a part of it but at the end in the final sitting.

  11. Asalamualaikum. I came across one of your videos on YouTube about the morning and evening dua. You stated in that video that the morning duaa is between after sunrise and dhur; the same time frame as the duha prayer. I just wanted to know if that is specific to just that duaa or are all the morning duaa in hisnul Muslim should be said in that time frame as well? I was taught it was suppose to be between fajr and sunrise. BarakaAllahfeek

    • Wa ‘alaykum as-salaamu wa rahmatullaah. No, that was an error. What is correct is: After Fajr, but before the sunrise. Please share that with anyone you know that my error reached, and the uploader of the video if possible.

  12. Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu… Ustadh can you please elaborate more on the point of validity of Du’aa after tasleem… “Du’aa Al Ma’salah”. Can you please give the other’s scholars point of view about this subject..

  13. Asalamualaikum. I found the answer to my question. So the part “I have wronged myself greatly” is an acknowledgement of one’s sins. As in the duaa Yunus made while in the belly of the fish. Because when seeking Allah Ta’ala Forgiveness when one acknowledges ones sins is a way of having ones repentance accepted. And I got this from Abu Hakeem’s explanation of Ibn Kathir’s Tafsir of Surah Fatiha. I have pasted the link below if anyone else wis to benefit.

    Over 150 lectures explaining *Tafsir Ibn Kathir* by Abu Hakeem Bilal Davis Allaahumma baarik

    💡Recommended: Use the SoundCloud app to listen.

    http://www.salafisounds.com/tafsir-ibn-kathir-by-abu-hakeem-bilal-davis/
    📎T1G

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