In the Name of Allaah, the Lord of all the worlds, may His
Most Complete Salaah and Salaam be upon His
final Prophet and Messenger, and upon all his family members
and companions, to proceed... ]
have previously stated that the three categories of tawheed
are taken directly from the Noble Qur'aan. The categories
are taken from many verses, so let us look to some of them
very first chapter found in the mus-haf, Soorah
Al-Faatihah, mentions all three categories of tawheed.
Allaah says :
All the praise is due to Allaah, the Lord of all that exists
is tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah, as the verse establishes
Allaah's Lordship over the 'aalameen, which means everything
except Allaah, and the Rabb (Lord) means the Owner
and Controller of Affairs. Allaah then says :
The Bestower of Mercy, the All-Merciful, the Owner of the
Day of Judgement )
al-asmaa' was-sifaat is present in these verses, as Allaah
establishes for Himself the attributes of Mercy and Ownership.
He also establishes some of His Names - Ar-Rahmaan,
Ar-Raheem, and Al-Maalik. Then He says :
You alone we worship, and You alone we seek help from )
here is tawheed al-uloohiyyah, as the verse demonstrates
the obligation to single out Allaah with acts of worship,
and to seek help from Him alone.
the three categories of tawheed are also found in Soorah
An-Naas, the very last chapter to be found in the mus-haf.
Tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah is found in His Statement :
Say: 'I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind' )
tawheed al-asmaa' was-sifaat is found in His Statement
the King of mankind )
lastly, tawheed al-uloohiyyah is found in His Statement
the God worshipped by mankind )
the very first command issued in the mus-haf contains
the categories of tawheed :
O mankind! Worship your Lord who created you and those who
came before you, so that you might attain taqwaa. (He
is) the One who made the earth a
bed for you and the sky a mighty structure, and He sent water
down from the sky that brings forth many fruits for your provisions.
So do not ascribe partners to Allaah while you have knowledge!
mentioning the three kinds of people, the believers, the disbelievers,
and the hypocrites, and then turning His Servants to the Qur'aan
as a source of guidance , He followed that up saying :
O mankind! Worship your Lord! )
is a general call, a command to the entire creation, to single
out Allaah with acts of worship, and a command to avoid ascribing
a single partner to Allaah. This is tawheed al-uloohiyyah.
Allaah comes with tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah, as something
to back up the fact that He deserves to be worshipped alone
The One who made the earth a bed for you and the sky a mighty
structure, and He sent water down from the sky that brings
forth many fruits for your provisions )
these the actions of Allaah, Most High and Magnificent? This
is tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah. Allaah, Most Glorified and
Exalted, mentions it here as a proof and something that leads
to tawheed al-uloohiyyah. Just as He alone does these
things, then no one other than Him deserves worship, rather
this is a right that is purely and solely for Him, Most Glorified.
mentions two of the categories of tawheed in these
verses. Tawheed al-uloohiyyah is mentioned since it
is the greatest thing sought from mankind, and tawheed
ar-ruboobiyyah is mentioned as a proof for it, and something
that can not be separated from it. He orders all of mankind
with the same order found in another verse :
And I have not created the Jinn nor mankind
for any purpose other than worshipping Me )
He has informed us that these two great creations, the Jinn
and mankind, have not been created for a purpose other
than worshipping Allaah, singling Him out with tawheed
He forbade shirk in the last part of the verse :
So do not ascribe partners to Allaah while you have knowledge
that you are not to perform a single act of worship for other
than Allaah, while you know that no one shares in His Ruboobiyyah,
His Creation of the Heavens and the Earth, His sending of
the rain, His causing the plants to grow forth, etc. Since
you know that no one shared with Him in these affairs, then
how could you worship someone along with Him?!
Most Glorified and Exalted, says :
And your God is one God, there is no God except Him )
is tawheed al-uloohiyyah. A god is something that is
worshipped, so uloohiyyah is worship and complete love.
The verse means that the one who rightfully deserves your
worship is only one, there is no God except Him, there is
none to be worshipped other than Him. Later in the verse,
Allaah says :
The Bestower of Mercy, the All-Merciful )
is something from tawheed al-asmaa' was-sifaat, as
it contains proof for two of Allaah's Names, along with His
Attribute of Mercy.
also says :
Verily in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in
the alternation of night and day, and the ships that sail
through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and
the water that Allaah sends down from the sky and makes the
earth alive with it after its death, and the many animals
of all kinds scattered therein, and in the various winds,
and in the clouds that are held between the sky and the earth,
truly all of these are evidences for people of intellect.
verse is about tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah. Allaah mentions
these things as proofs for His Right to be worshipped alone,
as He called these things aayaat, meaning proofs and
evidences for His Right to be worshipped alone.
these verses, all three categories of tawheed have
been mentioned, and likewise you find them mentioned all throughout
the rest of the Qur'aan.
article was taken from BAKKAHnet (www.bakkah.net)