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The Three Categories of Tawheed Are Defined in the Qur'aan

Shaykh Saalih ibn 'Abdillaah Al-Fawzaan
From his book Duroos min Al-Qur'aan Al-Kareem (p.21-25)
Translated exclusively for www.bakkah.net

[ In the Name of Allaah, the Lord of all the worlds, may His Most Complete Salaah and Salaam be upon His final Prophet and Messenger, and upon all his family members and companions, to proceed... ]

We have previously stated that the three categories of tawheed are taken directly from the Noble Qur'aan. The categories are taken from many verses, so let us look to some of them now.

The very first chapter found in the mus-haf, Soorah Al-Faatihah, mentions all three categories of tawheed. Allaah says [1]:

( All the praise is due to Allaah, the Lord of all that exists )

Here is tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah, as the verse establishes Allaah's Lordship over the 'aalameen, which means everything except Allaah, and the Rabb (Lord) means the Owner and Controller of Affairs. Allaah then says [2]:

( The Bestower of Mercy, the All-Merciful, the Owner of the Day of Judgement )

Tawheed al-asmaa' was-sifaat is present in these verses, as Allaah establishes for Himself the attributes of Mercy and Ownership. He also establishes some of His Names - Ar-Rahmaan, Ar-Raheem, and Al-Maalik. Then He says [3]:

( You alone we worship, and You alone we seek help from )

And here is tawheed al-uloohiyyah, as the verse demonstrates the obligation to single out Allaah with acts of worship, and to seek help from Him alone.

Similarly, the three categories of tawheed are also found in Soorah An-Naas, the very last chapter to be found in the mus-haf. Tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah is found in His Statement [4]:

( Say: 'I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind' )

And tawheed al-asmaa' was-sifaat is found in His Statement [5]:

( the King of mankind )

And lastly, tawheed al-uloohiyyah is found in His Statement [6]:

( the God worshipped by mankind )

Likewise, the very first command issued in the mus-haf contains the categories of tawheed [7]:

( O mankind! Worship your Lord who created you and those who came before you, so that you might attain taqwaa. (He is) the One who made the earth a bed for you and the sky a mighty structure, and He sent water down from the sky that brings forth many fruits for your provisions. So do not ascribe partners to Allaah while you have knowledge! )

After mentioning the three kinds of people, the believers, the disbelievers, and the hypocrites, and then turning His Servants to the Qur'aan as a source of guidance [8], He followed that up saying [9]:

( O mankind! Worship your Lord! )

This is a general call, a command to the entire creation, to single out Allaah with acts of worship, and a command to avoid ascribing a single partner to Allaah. This is tawheed al-uloohiyyah.

Then Allaah comes with tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah, as something to back up the fact that He deserves to be worshipped alone [10]:

( The One who made the earth a bed for you and the sky a mighty structure, and He sent water down from the sky that brings forth many fruits for your provisions )

Aren't these the actions of Allaah, Most High and Magnificent? This is tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah. Allaah, Most Glorified and Exalted, mentions it here as a proof and something that leads to tawheed al-uloohiyyah. Just as He alone does these things, then no one other than Him deserves worship, rather this is a right that is purely and solely for Him, Most Glorified.

He mentions two of the categories of tawheed in these verses. Tawheed al-uloohiyyah is mentioned since it is the greatest thing sought from mankind, and tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah is mentioned as a proof for it, and something that can not be separated from it. He orders all of mankind with the same order found in another verse [11]:

( And I have not created the Jinn nor mankind
for any purpose other than worshipping Me )

So He has informed us that these two great creations, the Jinn and mankind, have not been created for a purpose other than worshipping Allaah, singling Him out with tawheed al-uloohiyyah.

Then He forbade shirk in the last part of the verse [12]:

( So do not ascribe partners to Allaah while you have knowledge )

Meaning that you are not to perform a single act of worship for other than Allaah, while you know that no one shares in His Ruboobiyyah, His Creation of the Heavens and the Earth, His sending of the rain, His causing the plants to grow forth, etc. Since you know that no one shared with Him in these affairs, then how could you worship someone along with Him?!

Allaah, Most Glorified and Exalted, says [13]:

( And your God is one God, there is no God except Him )

This is tawheed al-uloohiyyah. A god is something that is worshipped, so uloohiyyah is worship and complete love. The verse means that the one who rightfully deserves your worship is only one, there is no God except Him, there is none to be worshipped other than Him. Later in the verse, Allaah says [14]:

( The Bestower of Mercy, the All-Merciful )

This is something from tawheed al-asmaa' was-sifaat, as it contains proof for two of Allaah's Names, along with His Attribute of Mercy.

Allaah also says [15]:

( Verily in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships that sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water that Allaah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive with it after its death, and the many animals of all kinds scattered therein, and in the various winds, and in the clouds that are held between the sky and the earth, truly all of these are evidences for people of intellect.  )

This verse is about tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah. Allaah mentions these things as proofs for His Right to be worshipped alone, as He called these things aayaat, meaning proofs and evidences for His Right to be worshipped alone.

In these verses, all three categories of tawheed have been mentioned, and likewise you find them mentioned all throughout the rest of the Qur'aan.

This article was taken from BAKKAHnet (www.bakkah.net)

FOOTNOTES

[1] the meaning of Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):2

[2] the meaning of Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):3-4

[3] the meaning of Soorah Al-Faatihah (1):5

[4] the meaning of Soorah An-Naas (114):1

[5] the meaning of Soorah An-Naas (114):2

[6] the meaning of Soorah An-Naas (114):3

[7] the meaning of Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):21-22

[8] translator's note: in the first 20 verse of Soorah Al-Baqarah

[9] the meaning of Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):21

[10] the meaning of Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):21-22

[12] the meaning of Soorah Ath-Thaariyaat (51):56

[13] the meaning of Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):22

[14] the meaning of Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):163

[15] the meaning of Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):163

[16] the meaning of Soorah Al-Baqarah (2):164

 

TEST YOUR UNDERSTANDING

Explain how the three categories of tawheed are mentioned in Soorah An-Naas.

Explain how the three categories of tawheed are mentioned in Soorah Al-Faatihah.

According to the order of the soorahs of the mus-haf, what is the very first order in the Qur'aan?

 

RELATED ARTICLES

the next article from this series

back to the Table of Contents

The Three Categories of Tawheed
Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan

 

ARTICLES BY THE SAME AUTHOR

An Explanation of the Truth of Monotheism (EL)

Dealing With the Enemies of Islaam (EL)

Explanation of Al-'Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah (EL)

The Call to Allaah (EL)

 

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